Most people think that a trip to the eye doctor is about updating their eyewear prescriptions. That is certainly part of what we do - in fact, we utilize the most advanced technology combined with many years of experience to help ensure you see your very best. However, determining your eye health is the most important thing we do during your examination. Think of a yearly eye examination as a “physical” for your eyes, and make it an essential part of your yearly healthcare program. Often, eye and vision problems do not have obvious symptoms or signs. Having annual examinations by an optometric physician can detect risk factors or conditions at their earliest stage, before permanent damage has occurred. Our doctors are then able to provide treatment options and, in many cases, restore vision or prevent vision loss.
A comprehensive eye exam includes a detailed medical and ocular history, visual acuity testing, peripheral vision screening, eye muscle balance testing, determination of your eyewear prescription, a neurological assessment, eye pressure measurement, and a detailed internal and external ocular health examination.
Medical and Ocular History
During an eye exam, we will ask you about any symptoms or issues you are experiencing with your eyes or vision, medications your are currently taking, your work environment, and your overall health. Family history and previous eye or vision conditions will also be discussed during this part of the examination. Your doctor will consider this information when determining any treatments or recommendations.
During the examination, we will measure how well your eyes are seeing, both separately and together, at far distance and reading distance. This may be measured with your eyes by themselves (“uncorrected”) as well as with any eyewear or contact lenses that you currently wear. Your doctor will also discuss any concerns or issues with your vision, such as viewing a computer monitor or glare problems at night.
A “refraction” measures the degree of nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism present in each eye. This is performed using state-of-the-art instrumentation that precisely analyses the optics of your eye, including its unique aberrations, together with your responses to different lens choices. Our doctors then use this information, together with other tests, to help determine your eyewear prescription.
Eye Function Testing
In addition to vision testing, a comprehensive eye exam also includes eye functionality testing. We perform several tests to evaluate depth perception, color vision, eye muscle capabilities, peripheral vision, and responsiveness to light. Several other tests are completed to determine whether the eyes are focusing, moving, and working together properly. The test results enable your doctor to diagnose any underlying conditions that may be impairing the eyes ability to focus or work together. If an issue is discovered, your doctor may prescribe new eyewear and/or further evaluation to help improve function.
As part of a comprehensive eye exam, the doctor examines the overall health of the eye and looks for signs of dry eye, cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration, diabetic eye disease, and many other eye health disorders and diseases. Your doctor will evaluate eye health by inspecting the eye and eyelids using a state-of-the-art biomicroscope and employing other advanced technologies. For example, we were the first practice in the area to incorporate Optomap high-resolution, digital wide-field imaging of the retina. This aids in the diagnosis and management of diseases that affect the inside of the eye, such as macular degeneration and diabetes. At the completion of the examination, your doctor reviews the results and discusses any necessary treatment options with you. Contact us at 931.455.0654 today to schedule a comprehensive eye exam.